Exchange Online Default Email Address Policy

So this was interesting.  I had a user that was failing to create an Exchange Online Mailbox, due to a duplicate tenant address (, which us mortal people have zero control over.

After a week of playing I raised a call with Microsoft to see what the hell was going on.

To cut a long story short, the issue was resolved by itself.  “When product group started the troubleshooting mailbox was already created.”  Yeah right! As if by magic after a week it sorts itself .. sorry not convinced!

Anyway, it turns out (according to PSS), that the Default Email Address Policy on Exchange Online actually does nothing, and updating it from the default email template, has zero effect on users!  Which seams a bit odd, but hey!?!

The other interesting thing, is that if two users share the same UPN prefix like and there will be a conflict because both should get as an alias in Office 365.

We have over 100k synced objects and over 600 domains.  So we should have seen this issue before .. but we didn’t.

Anyway, this is where the duplicate attribute resiliency feature of AAD Connect should come in to play, to make sure the attributes are unique.

However, for the user I had an issue with, this didn’t happen!

The expected behavior should be:

1st user to be synced / provisioned:
UPN / primary SMTP:
Secondary SMTP / cloud alias:
Remote routing address: whatever is set via Exchange console (using the domain)

2nd user to be synced / provisioned:
UPN / primary SMTP:
Secondary SMTP / cloud alias:
Remote routing address: whatever is set via Exchange console (using the domain)

So, only the IT gods know what happened, and it shouldn’t have happened in the first place, but welcome to the occasional oddness of cloud computing and Office 365.

UPDATE#1: Resolution from Microsoft: Attribute resiliency feature action generated unique smtp address, but unfortunately with significant delay.


Office 365 SMTP Relay Using Windows PowerShell

We are looking to the future, and getting ready to remove OnPrem Exchange.  To do this we need to deal with SMTP Relay.

Microsoft have this doc to help:

But I wanted to code it ;-)

Quite simple, you need to use an Exchange Online Account:
$Password = "#mailbox password"
$emailFrom = "#mailbox"
$SMTPServer = ""
$SMTPPort = 587
$emailTo = "#recipient"
$msgsubject = "testing testing 1-2-3"
$msgBody = "hello world"
$message = New-Object Net.Mail.MailMessage($emailFrom, $emailTo, $msgsubject, $msgBody)
$message.IsBodyHTML = $True

$smtp = New-Object Net.Mail.SmtpClient($SMTPServer,$SMTPPort)
$smtp.EnableSSL = $true
$smtp.Credentials = New-Object System.Net.NetworkCredential($emailFrom, $Password);


Using Windows PowerShell to Find an AD User across multiple domains

So, I have a single forest with multiple domains.  I wanted to use the native ActiveDirectory module for find a SamAccountName.

I came up with this:

$sam = "mysam"
$domains = (Get-ADForest).domains
ForEach($domain in $domains){
  Write-Host $domain
  Get-ADUser -Filter 'SamAccountName -eq $sam ' -Server $domain -Properties *| select DistinguishedName

Then I had a brain fart!  Why not use a GC?  Its quicker ;-)

$sam = "mysam"
$forest = (Get-ADForest).Name + ":3268"
Get-ADUser -Filter 'SamAccountName -eq $sam' -Server $forest -Properties * | select DistinguishedName


Quest Support Product Release Notification – Enterprise Reporter 3.0

From Quest

“We are excited to announce a new version of Enterprise Reporter 3.0 is now available for download.
Look what’s new:

  • Check out the “What’s New with Enterprise Reporter 3.0” video
    • Support for Office 365 – Azure AD, Exchange Online, and OneDrive for Business
      • Including Azure Tenant, Subscription and Licensing information
    • Take action with Security Explorer Remediation Reports
    • Performance Enhancements with NTFS Collector
    • Enhanced Data Collections with new attributes
    • Configuration options to integrate with IT Security Search “

Powershell Split String


I wanted to put a disclaimer in my profile.ps1 file, but I wanted it to look nice.  I wanted it to split at 67 characters and split whole words.

It was a painful exercise, but this works!

$message="This system is the property of, and provided only for authorised used according to policies. This system may be subject to monitoring for lawful purposes and to ensure compliance with policies in accordance with all applicable legislation. Use of this system constitutes consent to lawful monitoring, policies and all applicable legislation."

$SplitAt = 67
$Start = 0
$MessageLength = $Message.Length
$MessageArray = @()
$more = $True
$CharsLeft = $MessageLength - $Start
$splitNow = [math]::min($SplitAt, $CharsLeft)
$chars = $Message.substring($start,$SplitNow)
if($splitNow -ne $SplitAt){$tmpLine = $Chars}ELSE{ $tmpLine = $Message.substring($start,$chars.lastindexof(" ")+1)}
$start += $tmpLine.Length
IF([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($tmpLine)){$more=$False}ELSE{ $MessageArray += $tmpLine}
if($start -gt $MessageLength){$more=$False}

Blog Recovery


So you may (or may not) remember my story back in December [What the hell happened to you blog maan?] where my Hyper-V host corrupted a disk and so bricked my community server blog.

.. and this Word Press Blog came out of the ashes.

But I managed to get community server to kinda work and wanted to back it up and restore it.

I have been on the hunt for a tool for ages, even looking at PowerShell code to do it,  but over the weekend I discovered WebStory (  Essentially it is a blog editor with one rather handy feature .. it can back you blog up.

It appears to install some kind of database locally (a .CSND?), and then you point it at your blog and you can back it up locally.  How funky is that.  Then, in my case I told it about this blog, and now I can restore from my old and post to my new blog with a few clicks!

It works really well and is a life saver.  It’s a shame it doesn’t have a “restore” blog button, or be able to restore a post with the original post date (you have to manually change it), but it does what it says on the tin.

So far I love it, the actual editor tool is nice too, but i need to get my head around the “credits”.  Not really sure what they are about, but they enforce limits on how many post you do per day, which isn’t great.  I know you need to make money out of an App, but I would rather pay for the App than pay for usage.!

Any ways check it, it rocks if you want to backup your blog, and has potential for full restoration (lets hope the developers read this Winking smile)

What computer locked me out

So following on my other two posts Who locked me out? and AD Account Lockout is what is probably the last on this subject .. What computer locked me out.

Found this and its shweet:

My problem today, was that some donkey was logging on to server using a service account, and getting the password wrong Disappointed smile and so locking the service account out!

So you can check on the server itself in the security log for event id 529.  The hope is that this will show a Source Network Address.

What you can then do is use the following command with the Source Network Address to find the donkey that is using the computer and so locking the account out!


This should return the username currently logged!  How cool is that?!